Diabetes is a lifelong disease that develops when the secretory gland called the pancreas does not produce enough insulin hormone in your body or the insulin hormone it produces cannot be used effectively.
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy.
Your body breaks down most of the food you eat into sugar (glucose) and releases it into your bloodstream. When your blood sugar goes up, it signals your pancreas to release insulin. Insulin acts like a key to let the blood sugar into your body’s cells for use as energy.
With diabetes, your body doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use it as well as it should. When there isn’t enough insulin or cells stop responding to insulin, too much blood sugar stays in your bloodstream. Over time, that can cause serious health problems, such as heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease.
There are basically 3 types of diabetes.
1) Type 1 Diabetes.
2) Type 2 Diabetes
3) Gestational (Pregnancy) Diabetes
In type 1 diabetes, there is no insulin production in the body and insulin therapy is started from the moment these patients are diagnosed. It is a type of insulin-dependent diabetes.
In type 2 diabetes, there is insulin production. However, it is not sufficient or cannot be used effectively. In these patients, treatment is provided with oral anti-diabetic drugs or insulin.
In Gestational Diabetes, pancreatic cells that can secrete enough insulin before pregnancy cannot secrete enough insulin as the pregnancy progresses, so blood sugar may rise during pregnancy even though there is no diabetes symptom before, and it usually recovers at the end of pregnancy.
Type 2 diabetes is more common than Type 1 diabetes. About 90-95% of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.More